Planet Odisha

Bhadrak

  • Capital Name : Bhadrak
  • Total Population : 1,506,522
  • Total Cities : 25
  • Total Metropolitan : 25
  • Total VDC : 120
  • Total Area : 2,505 KM2
  • Litrate Percentage : 72%
  • Spoken Language :
  • Vidhan Sabha constituency :

Description

History[edit]

The district includes Rakta Tirtha Eram in Basudev Pur, where about 30 people were killed by the British police while fighting for independence.The legendary history of Bhadrak District dates back to the age of the Puranas when Odisha achieved thriving maritime and agrarian prosperity. As far as the history is concerned, king Mukunda Dev was the last sovereign indigenous ruler of Bhadrak. The Muslim population began to settle in the District around the year 1575 following the discomfiture of the Afghans under Usman at the hand of Raja Man Singh. During the Mughal period Bhadrak District survived as a Subha under the Nawabs of Bengal. When the majestic Mughals diminished from the political scenario of Bhadrak District. In course of time Bhadrak District has passed on to different hands and colonized by different dynasties till the British occupied the entire region of Odisha.

Since independence, the history of Bhadrak has been the history of multifarious progress in Education, Industry, Agriculture, Trade and commerce and with the birth of a new star it is leaping towards the twenty-first century with hope and promise.

There are many historical places and monuments to visit in the Bhadrak District. Palia is famous for Biranchi Narayan Temple. Sri Radha Madanmohan temple is one of the most visited temples of Bhadrak District. Aradi situated at a distance of 10 km from Chandabali is famous for the temple of Akhandalamani.

On 1 April 1993, this district was carved out from the Balasore District and became a separate entity.

Geography[edit]

The district has an area of 2,505 km². Bhadrak town is situated at a distance of 125 km from the state capital, Bhubaneswar. Salandi River passes by this district.

Economy[edit]

Bhadrak is home to FACOR, which is one of the largest manufacturers of quality ferro chrome in the country.

Many new factories including a shipbuilding factory will be coming up soon.

Tourist places[edit]

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rnBhadrak has a special identity for ERAM VILLAGE which is known as "2ND JALIANAWALABAGH". It is 07 km from Basudevpur. A memorial was built for the martyrs of Eram massacre.[1]

rnAkhandalmani Temple is on the bank of river Baitarani, the Akhandalamani Temple is the abode of Lord Shiva. The Patana Mangala in Chatrapada village is famous for Mangala temple with the biggest pond of Odisha. Chief interest of the place is its legendary history. As the history runs, king Niladri Samara Singha Mohapatra started worshipping the God Akhandalamani some 350 years ago, when the black glazed granite stone was found underground and the king dreamt of the god. However the religious and historical significance with which the place is invested, constitute it to be a center of special interest in the tourism of Bhadrak. Moreover, the artistic carvings of the temple deserve special worth to the tourist. Surrounding the temple many fairs and festivals are organized, the chief among which is the Mahashivaratri. During this festival, tourists, including a vast chunk of pilgrims, flock into the core of the temple. On the month of Sravana, people from nationwide assemble here to pour the holy water on the Siva Linga and to offer their worship to Lord Shiva. The Akhandalamani Temple is the principal source of the profitable development of the tourism industry of Bhadrak.

rnDhamra Port is an ancient port on the banks of the river Baitarani, around 5 km from Kanika Palace. The highlights are the direction tower and some ancient structures.

rnJagannath Temple :- Nilok This is a sacred place of Hindus (Vaisava).

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Transport[edit]

Bhadrak railway station is the biggest railway station of Bhadrak district and serves Bhadrak city. An important upcoming town in Bhadrak distinct is Dhamara, which is upcoming newly built megaport of the district. New railway line from Bhadrak to Dhamra is constructed.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Bhadrak district has a population of 1,506,522,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Gabon[3] or the US state of Hawaii.[4] This gives it a ranking of 332nd in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 601 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,560/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.95%.[2] Bhadrak has a sex ratio of 981 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 83.25%.[2]

The language mostly spoken by the people is Odia, though some people speak Urdu.

Culture[edit]

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rnBhadrak is famous for Bhadrakali Temple, which is also now a great occasion over the district.

rnAradi, Chandabali, Dhamanagar, Dhamara, and Guamala Nuasasan are some other places of tourist interest.

rnNalanga, a village in Gelpur Panchayat is famous for Lord Naleswar (Shiva). The Naleswar Temple is one of the oldest temples in Odisha. Nalanga is the birthplace of Lokakavi Jagannath Pani, the teacher of Baishnav Pani.

rnBrahmangan, another village in Basudevpur constituency of this district is famous for its century old Prasanna Khemeswar mahadeva temple and its melana jatra during holi. Durga puja & Jagar also famous in this village.

rnBiggest Pond in Odisha and Famous Maa Patana Mangala Temple (Chhatrapada) is about 38.0 km (43 min) away from Bhadrak.

rnBanta, Basantia, Basudebpur blocks & villages respectively in which village various melas are organised in various days of the year out of which Panchuka Purnima which is celebrating in a very great fun of people in which boat is sailed in the big pond of Basantia village in the memories of Oriya Sadhabas, who was going to make their business in the near islands like Java and Borneo, Indonesia for too many days. Also in this mela big Operas also comes here to show their shows.[5][6]

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Notable personalities[edit]

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rnChandrakanta Nath (b. 1960), novelist, columnist and media icon from Sandhagada village.

rnInspector Prafula Mohapatra, well known police inspector of British Time

rnChakradhara Behera (1894–1973), Freedom fighter who has become immortal for leading the masses against tyranny of zamidar of Kanika.

rnIAS Dr. Hrusikesh Panda (Birth. 1955) (1979 Batch IAS) (an eminent writer)Post Graduation in Chemistry, Diploma Pers. Mgt., MBA in Admn. Finance Economics, Ph. D. in Philosophy English.

rnMr Apurba Ranjan Ray( An eminent writer who is written more than 60 books, Great speaker, Founder of ' Bhadrak Pujyapuja Sansad', Awardee of Sahitya academy and more than 100 awards in his name for the contribution to the odia culture. He is the regular speaker in Akashbani, Script writer of Dordarshan, Founder of many schools.

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